# Ingxoxo yokulinganisa0419

Impikiswano yokulinganisa kukaNick Bostrom ilula ngokulula kwaye icacile. Ayizami ukungqina ukuba siphila kwimodeli, kodwa endaweni yoko yenza izinto ezintathu ezinokwenzeka, enye yazo inokuba iyinyani. U-Elon Musk ukwathethelela ithisisi efanayo, eyenza ukuba umbono uwazi kuluntu ngokubanzi. Iphepha elisemthethweni lingaphezulu kweminyaka eli-14 kwaye amaphepha amaninzi nje amafutshane. Isiteyitimenti esiphambili kulula ukusiqonda kwaye sihambelana.

Ezi iisimboli zilandelayo zaziswa kuqala:

• $$f_P$$: Iqhekeza lempucuko yabantu elisaphilayo kwaye lifikelele kwinqanaba lokufa
• $$f_I$$: Iqhekeza lempucuko yabantu elinomdla wokulinganisa ookhokho
• $$f_{sim}$$: Iqhekeza lempucuko yabantu elihlala kwimizekelo yookhokho
• $$\overline{H}$$: Umndilili wenani labantu abahlala kwimpucuko yangaphambi kokubhubha komntu
• $$\overline{N_I}$$: Umndilili wenani lezinto ezenziwa ngookhokho ezenziwa yimpucuko yasemva komntu enomdla kwimodeli yezinyanya

Emva koko:

• $$f_I \cdot \overline{N_I}$$: Umndilili wenani lokulinganisa kookhokho okwenziwa yimpucuko yasemva kobuntu
• $$f_P \cdot \overline{H}$$: Umyinge wenani labantu abaye bafikelela kwinqanaba lokufa
• $$f_P \cdot \overline{H} \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I}$$ : Umndilili wenani labantu kwimidlalo yokulinganisa (ulingisa kanye iqhekeza $$f_P \cdot \overline{H}$$ )
• $$f_P \cdot \overline{H} \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I} + \overline{H}$$
: Umndilili wenani labantu abahlala kukulinganisa kookhokho okanye kwimpucuko yangaphambi kokuba umntu eze

Ngoku i-quotient yamanqanaba amabini okugqibela ayangqamana ngqo neqhezu labantu abahlala kwimizekelo:

$$f_{sim} = \frac{f_P \cdot \overline{H} \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I}}{f_P \cdot \overline{H} \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I} + \overline{H}}$$

Asibandakanyi $$\overline{H}$$ kwaye sinciphise (esi sisiseko sempikiswano):

$$f_{sim} = \frac{f_P \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I}}{f_P \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I} + 1}$$

I-Bostrom ngoku ithatha enkulu kakhulu $$\overline{N_I}$$

Oku kubangela la matyala alandelayo:

1. Ityala: $$f_P \approx 0$$
• a) $$f_I \approx 0 \Rightarrow f_{sim} \approx 0$$
• b) $$f_I > \epsilon \approx 0 \Rightarrow f_{sim} \approx 0$$
2. Ityala: $$f_P > \epsilon \approx 0$$
• a) $$f_I \approx 0 \Rightarrow f_{sim} \approx 0$$
• b) $$f_I > \epsilon \approx 0 \Rightarrow f_{sim} \approx 1$$

Isishwankathelo, ubuncinci kula mathathu alandelayo kufezekisiwe:

• $$f_P \approx 0$$: Ubuntu buyafa ngaphambi kokuba kufikelelwe kwinqanaba lomntu
• $$f_I \approx 0$$: Akukho mpucuko yasemva komntu enomdla kwimodeli yokuvela kookhokho
• $$f_{sim} \approx 1$$: I-hypothesis yokulinganisa: Siphila ngokulinganisa kokhokho

Ukuze wandise ukubanakho kwe $$f_{sim} \approx 1$$ (ethi iBostrom icacise malunga ne $$\frac{1}{3}$$ ), sinokuthi kwixesha elizayo siqwalasele amanye amathuba e $$f_P \approx 0$$ kunye $$f_I \approx 0$$ .

Ukuba i-hypothesis yokulinganisa iyinyani, oku kulandelayo kuyasebenza: Ukusukela $$f_{sim} \approx 1 \neq 1$$ , eli tyala alisikhupheli ngaphandle thina (okanye inzala yethu) kuseto $$\overline{H}$$ Kwaye, umzekelo, ngomnye wabantu bokuqala ukwenza ukulinganisa kwezinyanya. Inqaku elipheleleyo, nangona kunjalo, kukuba oku akunakulindeleka. Ke ukuba asihlali kwimidlalo ngoku, kukho amathuba aphezulu okuba inzala yethu ayinakuze yenze ukulinganisa kwezinyanya.

Enye yezinto ezifuneka kuqala kwi-Bostrom yinto ebizwa ngokuba yi-substrate Independence (okt ukuqonda akukho kuphunyezwa kuphela kwinethiwekhi esekwe kwikhabhoni, kwinethiwekhi yebhayoloji kwingqondo, kodwa nakwisilicon kwikhompyuter). Kunika umdla: Ukuzimela kombono (kwaye nangayiphi na into efunekayo) yinto enokwenzeka yokulinganisa kwimidlalo yokulinganisa (ngalo naliphi na inqanaba lobunzulu bendlwane).

Ngokoluvo lwam, intsingiselo yenyani ye-simulation hypothesis yobomi bethu inokushwankathelwa phantsi kwesiqubulo esithi "Ngubani okhathalelayo?" -Kodwa ingxoxo yokulinganisa ngokuqinisekileyo ibubungqina obunomdla.

Okwangoku, eminye imisebenzi enika umdla nguNick Bostrom kwingxaki yobuhle bokulala , ingxoxo yemini yentshabalalo kunye nokuzicingela ukuba kufanelekile kufanele kukhankanywe.

Emva