# Impikiswano yokulingisa0419

Impikiswano yokulingisa kaNick Bostrom ilula ngokumangazayo futhi icacile. Ayizami ukufakazela ukuthi siphila ekulingiseni, kepha kunalokho yakha ngobuciko amathuba amathathu, elinye lawo okumele libe yiqiniso. U-Elon Musk futhi ukhuthaza umbono ofanayo, owenza lo mbono waziwa emphakathini obanzi. Iphepha elisemthethweni selineminyaka engaphezu kwengu-14 ubudala futhi namakhasi amaningi afushane. Isitatimende esimaphakathi kulula ukusiqonda futhi sihlangene.

Izimpawu ezilandelayo zethulwa kuqala:

• $$f_P$$: Ingxenyana yemiphakathi yabantu esindayo futhi ifinyelele esigabeni sangemva komuntu
• $$f_I$$: Ingxenyana yemiphakathi yabantu enentshisekelo yokulingiswa kokhokho
• $$f_{sim}$$: Ingxenyana yemiphakathi yabantu ehlala ngokulingiswa kokhokho
• $$\overline{H}$$: Isilinganiso senombolo yabantu abahlala empucukweni yangaphambi kokuzalwa komuntu
• $$\overline{N_I}$$: Inombolo emaphakathi yokufaniswa kokhokho okwenziwe yimpucuko yangemva komuntu enentshisekelo yokulingiswa kokhokho

Ngemuva kwalokho:

• $$f_I \cdot \overline{N_I}$$: Inombolo emaphakathi yokufaniswa kokhokho okwenziwe yimpucuko yangemva komuntu
• $$f_P \cdot \overline{H}$$: Isilinganiso senombolo yabantu abafinyelele esigabeni sangemva kokuba ngumuntu
• $$f_P \cdot \overline{H} \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I}$$ : Isilinganiso senombolo yabantu $$f_P \cdot \overline{H} \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I}$$ (ulingisa kahle ingxenyenamba $$f_P \cdot \overline{H}$$ )
• $$f_P \cdot \overline{H} \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I} + \overline{H}$$
: Inombolo emaphakathi yabantu abahlala kokufaniswa kokhokho noma empucukweni yangaphambi kokuzalwa komuntu

Manje i-quotient yamatemu amabili wokugcina ifana ncamashi nengxenyana yabantu abahlala ekulingiseni:

$$f_{sim} = \frac{f_P \cdot \overline{H} \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I}}{f_P \cdot \overline{H} \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I} + \overline{H}}$$

Sikhipha $$\overline{H}$$ futhi sifushanise (lokhu futhi kuyisisekelo sengxabano):

$$f_{sim} = \frac{f_P \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I}}{f_P \cdot f_I \cdot \overline{N_I} + 1}$$

I-Bostrom manje ithatha enkulu kakhulu $$\overline{N_I}$$ , $$\overline{N_I}$$ , yezobuchwepheshe ngokususelwa ekulinganisweni okulondolozayo.

Lokhu kuphakamisa amacala alandelayo:

1. Icala: $$f_P \approx 0$$
• a) $$f_I \approx 0 \Rightarrow f_{sim} \approx 0$$
• b) $$f_I > \epsilon \approx 0 \Rightarrow f_{sim} \approx 0$$
2. Icala: $$f_P > \epsilon \approx 0$$
• a) $$f_I \approx 0 \Rightarrow f_{sim} \approx 0$$
• b) $$f_I > \epsilon \approx 0 \Rightarrow f_{sim} \approx 1$$

Ngokufingqa, okungenani elilodwa kulawa mathathu alandelayo liyahlangatshezwa:

• $$f_P \approx 0$$: Ubuntu buyaphela ngaphambi kokuba kufinyelelwe esigabeni sokufa komuntu
• $$f_I \approx 0$$: Ayikho impucuko yangemva kokuba ngumuntu enentshisekelo yokulingiswa kokhokho
• $$f_{sim} \approx 1$$: Umbono wokulingisa: Siphila ekulingiseni kokhokho

Ukuze kwandiswe amathuba okuthi $$f_{sim} \approx 1$$ (okucaciswa yi-Bostrom njengokucishe kube $$\frac{1}{3}$$ ), ngokuzayo singakwazi nokubona amanye amathuba we $$f_P \approx 0$$ kanye $$f_I \approx 0$$ .

Uma i-hypothesis yokulingisa iyiqiniso, okulandelayo kuyasebenza: Njengoba $$f_{sim} \approx 1 \neq 1$$ , leli cala alikushiyi ngaphandle thina (noma inzalo yethu) kusethi $$\overline{H}$$ futhi, ngokwesibonelo, bangabanye babantu bokuqala ukulingisa okhokho. Iphuzu lonke, noma kunjalo, ukuthi lokhu akunakwenzeka neze. Ngakho-ke uma singahlali ekulingiseni manje, maningi amathuba okuthi inzalo yethu ayisoze yenze ukulingisa kokhokho.

Enye yezinto ezidingeka kakhulu kwiBostrom yilokho okubizwa ngokuthi yi-substrate Independence (okungukuthi ukwazi akukwazi ukusetshenziswa kuphela kumanethiwekhi we-carbon-based, biological neural in the brain, kodwa futhi nange-silicon basis kwikhompyutha). Kuyathakazelisa futhi: Ukuzimela komqondo (futhi akukho sidingo) kungenzeka ukuthi kube nokufaniswa kokufaniswa (nganoma yiliphi izinga lokujula kokudla).

Ngokubona kwami, incazelo yeqiniso le-hypothesis yokulingisa ezimpilweni zethu ingafingqwa ngaphansi kwesiqubulo esithi "Ngubani onendaba?" - kepha impikiswano yokulingisa ingubufakazi obuhehayo nakanjani.

Kuleli qophelo, eminye imisebenzi ethokozisayo kaNick Bostrom enkingeni yobuhle bokulala , impikiswano yosuku lwembubhiso nokucabanga okujwayelekile kokuzibonakalisa nakho kufanele kushiwo.

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