Tukar kolom di PostgreSQL

Menukar kolom tabel SQL adalah bagian dari repertoar standar dengan MySQL - ini (belum) didukung dengan PostgreSQL. Meskipun wiki resmi menyediakan artikelnya sendiri untuk masalah tersebut, ia tidak menunjukkan solusi praktis apa pun yang juga mendukung tampilan, indeks, dan pemicu. Kelas berikut melakukan pekerjaan ini (untuk MySQL dan PostgreSQL) baik di baris perintah - atau secara langsung di Laravel 5.


<?php
namespace App\Helpers;
class ColumnChanger
{

	public static $quotes;

	public static $path;

	public static function swap($table, $col1, $col2)
	{

		// initialize

		self::$quotes = self::getQuotes();
		self::$path = self::getPath();

		// export

		$content = self::exportDB();

		// swap

		$content = self::swapNow($table, $col1, $col2, $content);

		// import

		self::importDB($content);
	}

	public static function getQuotes()
	{
		if (getenv("DB_CONNECTION") == "pgsql")
		{
			return "";
		}

		if (getenv("DB_CONNECTION") == "mysql")
		{
			return "`";
		}
	}

	public static function getPath()
	{
		if (getenv("DB_CONNECTION") == "pgsql")
		{
			$sql = new \PDO('pgsql:host=' . getenv('DB_HOST') . ';port=' . getenv('DB_PORT') . ';dbname=' . getenv('DB_DATABASE') , getenv('DB_USERNAME') , getenv('DB_PASSWORD'));
			$stmt = $sql->prepare("SHOW data_directory");
			$stmt->execute();
			$path = str_replace("data", "bin", $stmt->fetchObject()->data_directory) . "/";
		}

		if (getenv("DB_CONNECTION") == "mysql")
		{
			$sql = new \PDO('mysql:host=' . getenv('DB_HOST') . ';port=' . getenv('DB_PORT') . ';dbname=' . getenv('DB_DATABASE') , getenv('DB_USERNAME') , getenv('DB_PASSWORD'));
			$stmt = $sql->prepare("SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'basedir'");
			$stmt->execute();
			$path = $stmt->fetchObject()->Value . "bin/";
		}

		return $path;
	}

	public static function exportDB()
	{
		if (getenv("DB_CONNECTION") == "pgsql")
		{
			putenv("PGPASSWORD=" . getenv('DB_PASSWORD'));
			exec('"' . self::$path . 'pg_dump" --clean --inserts -h ' . getenv('DB_HOST') . ' -p ' . getenv('DB_PORT') . ' -U ' . getenv('DB_USERNAME') . ' ' . getenv('DB_DATABASE') . ' > db.sql');
		}

		if (getenv("DB_CONNECTION") == "mysql")
		{
			exec('"' . self::$path . 'mysqldump" -h ' . getenv('DB_HOST') . ' --port ' . getenv('DB_PORT') . ' -u ' . getenv('DB_USERNAME') . ' -p"' . getenv('DB_PASSWORD') . '" ' . getenv('DB_DATABASE') . ' > db.sql');
		}

		return file_get_contents("db.sql");
	}

	public static function importDB($content)
	{
		file_put_contents("db.sql", $content);
		if (getenv("DB_CONNECTION") == "pgsql")
		{
			putenv("PGPASSWORD=" . getenv('DB_PASSWORD'));
			exec('"' . self::$path . 'psql" -h ' . getenv('DB_HOST') . ' -p ' . getenv('DB_PORT') . ' -U ' . getenv('DB_USERNAME') . ' -d ' . getenv('DB_DATABASE') . ' -1 -f db.sql');
		}

		if (getenv("DB_CONNECTION") == "mysql")
		{
			exec('"' . self::$path . 'mysql" -h ' . getenv('DB_HOST') . ' --port ' . getenv('DB_PORT') . ' -u ' . getenv('DB_USERNAME') . ' -p"' . getenv('DB_PASSWORD') . '" ' . getenv('DB_DATABASE') . ' --default-character-set=utf8 < db.sql');
		}

		unlink("db.sql");
	}

	public static function getPositions($haystack, $needle)
	{
		$positions = [];
		$lastPos = 0;
		while (($lastPos = strpos($haystack, $needle, $lastPos)) !== false)
		{
			$positions[] = $lastPos;
			$lastPos = $lastPos + strlen($needle);
		}

		return $positions;
	}

	public static function getEnd($content, $begin)
	{
		$end = $begin;
		$outside = true;
		while ($outside !== true || $content[$end] != ";")
		{
			if ($content[$end] == "'")
			{
				if ($end === 0 || $content[$end - 1] != "\")
				{
					$outside = !$outside;
				}
			}

			$end++;
		}

		return ++$end;
	}

	public static function splitString($string)
	{
		return preg_split('/(?<!^)(?!$)/u', $string);
	}

	public static function getColumns($query)
	{
		$i = 0;
		$outside = true;
		$query = self::splitString($query);
		foreach($query as $i => $char)
		{
			if ($query[$i] == "'")
			{
				if ($i === 0 || $query[$i - 1] != "\")
				{
					$outside = !$outside;
				}
			}

			if ($outside === true && $query[$i] == ",")
			{
				$query[$i] = "♥";
			}

			$i++;
		}

		$query = implode("", $query);
		$cols = explode("♥", $query);
		return $cols;
	}

	public static function swapNow($table, $col1, $col2, $content)
	{

		// loop through relevant statements

		foreach(["CREATE TABLE " . self::$quotes . $table . self::$quotes, "INSERT INTO " . self::$quotes . $table . self::$quotes] as $skey => $statement)
		{
			$positions = self::getPositions($content, $statement);
			foreach($positions as $position)
			{
				$begin = $position;
				$end = self::getEnd($content, $begin);
				$query_all = substr($content, $begin, $end - $begin);
				$query_inside = substr($query_all, strpos($query_all, "(") + 1, strrpos($query_all, ")") - strpos($query_all, "(") - 1);

				// get columns

				$cols = self::getColumns($query_inside);

				// get relevant column indexes

				if ($skey == 0)
				{
					$col1pos = 0;
					$col2pos = 0;
					foreach($cols as $pos => $col)
					{
						$col = trim($col);
						if (strpos($col, self::$quotes . $col1 . self::$quotes) === 0)
						{
							$col1pos = $pos;
						}

						if (strpos($col, self::$quotes . $col2 . self::$quotes) === 0)
						{
							$col2pos = $pos;
						}
					}
				}

				// swap columns

				$tmp = $cols[$col1pos];
				$cols[$col1pos] = $cols[$col2pos];
				$cols[$col2pos] = $tmp;
				$query_inside_new = implode(",", $cols);

				// insert query into content

				$query_all_new = str_replace($query_inside, $query_inside_new, $query_all);
				$content = str_replace($query_all, $query_all_new, $content);
			}
		}

		return $content;
	}
}

// usage from the command line

if (isset($argv) && is_array($argv))
{
	$args = [];
	foreach($argv as $key => $arg)
	{
		switch ($arg)
		{
		case "-e":
			$args["engine"] = $argv[$key + 1];
			break;

		case "-h":
			$args["hostname"] = $argv[$key + 1];
			break;

		case "-P":
			$args["port"] = $argv[$key + 1];
			break;

		case "-u":
			$args["username"] = $argv[$key + 1];
			break;

		case "-p":
			$args["password"] = $argv[$key + 1];
			break;

		case "-d":
			$args["database"] = $argv[$key + 1];
			break;

		case "-t":
			$args["table"] = $argv[$key + 1];
			break;
		}
	}

	// set default values

	if (!isset($args["hostname"]))
	{
		$args["hostname"] = "127.0.0.1";
	}

	if (!isset($args["port"]) && isset($args["engine"]) && $args["engine"] == "mysql")
	{
		$args["port"] = "3306";
	}

	if (!isset($args["port"]) && isset($args["engine"]) && $args["engine"] == "pgsql")
	{
		$args["port"] = "5432";
	}

	foreach($args as $option => $arg)
	{
		if (!isset($arg))
		{
			die('missing option ' . $option);
		}
	}

	if (count($argv) < 2)
	{
		die('error');
	}

	$args["col1"] = $argv[count($argv) - 2];
	$args["col2"] = $argv[count($argv) - 1];
	putenv("DB_CONNECTION=" . $args["engine"]);
	putenv("DB_HOST=" . $args["hostname"]);
	putenv("DB_PORT=" . $args["port"]);
	putenv("DB_DATABASE=" . $args["database"]);
	putenv("DB_USERNAME=" . $args["username"]);
	putenv("DB_PASSWORD=" . $args["password"]);
	ColumnChanger::swap($args["table"], $args["col1"], $args["col2"]);
	
}

Panggilan pada baris perintah sudah cukup jelas:

php ColumnChanger.php -e pgsql -h 127.0.0.1 -P 5432 -u username -p password -d database -t table col1 col2
php ColumnChanger.php -e mysql -h 127.0.0.1 -P 3306 -u username -p password -d database -t table col1 col2

Integrasi di Laravel 5 juga dilakukan dengan cepat hanya dengan menyalin ColumnChanger.php ke dalam folder app / Helpers. Anda kemudian dapat menukar kolom secara langsung dalam migrasi:

<?php
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

class SwitchColumns extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        App\Helpers\ColumnChanger::swap("users","email","password");
    }

    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        App\Helpers\ColumnChanger::swap("users","password","email");
    }
}
Kembali