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Ubumfihlo > Vielhuber David

Ubumfihlo

1. Ukuvikelwa kwedatha shazi

Ulwazi oluvamile

Imininingwane elandelayo inikezela ngesibukezo esilula salokho okwenzeka kwidatha yakho uma uvakashela iwebhusayithi yethu. Imininingwane yomuntu uqobo yonke idatha ongakhonjwa yona uqobo. Imininingwane enemininingwane yokuvikelwa kwemininingwane ingatholwa ekumemezelweni kwethu kokuvikela idatha ngaphansi kwalombhalo.

Ukuqoqwa kwemininingwane kuwebhusayithi yethu

Ngubani obhekele ukuqoqwa kwemininingwane kule webhusayithi?

Ukucutshungulwa kwedatha kule webhusayithi kwenziwa ngumhlinzeki wewebhusayithi. Ungathola imininingwane yabo yokuxhumana ngokufakwa kule webhusayithi.

Siqoqa kanjani idatha yakho?

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, idatha yakho iqoqwa nguwe usidlulisela kithi. Lokhu kungaba, ngokwesibonelo, idatha oyifaka kwifomu lokuxhumana. Izinhlelo zethu ze-IT ziqoqa ngokuzenzakalelayo enye imininingwane lapho uvakashela iwebhusayithi. Lokhu ngokuyinhloko idatha yobuchwepheshe (isb. Isiphequluli se-inthanethi, isistimu yokusebenza noma isikhathi sokufinyelela ekhasini). Le datha iqoshwa ngokuzenzakalela lapho nje ufaka iwebhusayithi yethu.

Sisebenzela ini idatha yakho?

Ingxenye yedatha iqoqwa ukuqinisekisa ukuthi iwebhusayithi ihlinzekwe kahle. Eminye imininingwane ingasetshenziswa ukuhlaziya ukusebenza komsebenzisi.

Yimaphi amalungelo onawo mayelana nedatha yakho?

Unelungelo lokuthola imininingwane emsuka, umemukeli nenhloso yemininingwane yakho egciniwe ngasiphi isikhathi mahhala. Unelungelo futhi lokucela ukuthi le datha ilungiswe, ivinjwe noma isuswe. Ungaxhumana nathi nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ekhelini elinikeziwe uma uneminye imibuzo ngokuvikela idatha. Unelungelo futhi lokufaka isikhalazo kuziphathimandla eziphethe ezibhekele lokho.

Amathuluzi wokuhlaziya namathuluzi wenkampani yangaphandle

Lapho uvakashela iwebhusayithi yethu, indlela osebenza ngayo ngama surfing ingahlolwa. Lokhu kwenzeka ikakhulu ngamakhukhi nezinhlelo okuthiwa zokuhlaziya. Ukuziphatha kwakho kwe-surf kuvame ukuhlaziywa kungaziwa; indlela yokusebenza kwe-surf ayikwazi ukulandela emuva. Ungamelana nalokhu kuhlaziya noma uvikele ngokungasebenzisi amathuluzi athile. Ungathola imininingwane enemininingwane kulokhu ekumemezelweni kokuvikelwa kwedatha okulandelayo. Ungamelana nalokhu kuhlaziywa. Sizokwazisa ngamathuba okuphikisana nalesi simemezelo sokuvikela idatha.

2. Imininingwane ejwayelekile nemininingwane yokuphoqelelwa

Ubumfihlo

Ama-opharetha ala makhasi athatha ukuvikelwa kwemininingwane yakho uqobo ngokungathi sína. Siphatha imininingwane yakho eyimfihlo nangokuhambisana nemithetho yokuvikelwa kwedatha esemthethweni nalesi simemezelo sokuvikela idatha. Uma usebenzisa le webhusayithi, imininingwane ehlukahlukene yomuntu iyaqoqwa. Idatha yomuntu siqu idatha ongakhonjwa yona uqobo. Lesi simemezelo sokuvikela idatha sichaza ukuthi iyiphi idatha esiyiqoqayo nokuthi siyisebenzisela ini. Liyachaza nokuthi kwenziwa kanjani lokho futhi yini? Sithanda ukuveza ukuthi ukudluliswa kwedatha nge-Intanethi (isb. Uma kukhulunywa nge-imeyili) kungaba nezikhala zokuphepha. Akunakwenzeka ukuthi uvikele ngokuphelele idatha kusuka ekufinyeleleni komuntu wesithathu.

Imininingwane mayelana nomzimba ofanele

Indikimba ebhekele ukucubungula idatha kule webhusayithi yile:

UDavid Vielhuber
I-Baumannstrasse 23
94036 Passau
Ucingo: +49 (0) 89 21 540 01 42
I-imeyili: david@vielhuber.de

Indikimba ebusayo ingumuntu wemvelo noma osemthethweni, yena yedwa noma ndawonye nabanye, onquma ngezinhloso nezindlela zokufaka idatha yomuntu siqu (isb. Amagama, amakheli e-imeyili, njll.).

Ukuhoxiswa kwemvume yakho ekucutshungweni kwedatha

Imisebenzi eminingi yokucubungula idatha kungenzeka kuphela ngemvume yakho yokubonisa. Ungahoxisa imvume yakho nganoma yisiphi isikhathi. Konke okudingeka ukwenze ukuthumela i-imeyili engakahleleki kithi. Ukuba semthethweni kokucutshungulwa kwedatha okwenziwe ngaphambi kokuchithwa kuqhubeke kungasasebenzi ngokuhoxiswa.

Ilungelo lokufaka isikhalazo kuziphathimandla eziphethe okufanele

Uma kwenzeka wephula umthetho wokuvikela imininingwane, umuntu othintekayo unelungelo lokufaka isikhalazo kuziphathimandla eziphethe ezibhekele lokho. Isiphathimandla esigunyaziwe sokuqapha imininingwane yezindaba zokuvikela idatha yisiphathimandla sokuvikela idatha yezwe likahulumeni lapho inkampani yethu isuselwe khona. Uhlu lwezikhulu zokuvikela imininingwane nemininingwane yabo yokuxhumana lungatholakala kusixhumanisi esilandelayo: https://www.bfdi.bund.de/DE/Infothek/Anschriften_Links/anschriften_links-node.html .

Kwesokudla ukutholakala kwedatha

Unelungelo lokuba nedatha esiyicubungula ngokuzenzakalela ngokususelwa kwimvume yakho noma ekugcwaliseni isivumelwano esinikezwe wena noma umuntu wesithathu ngendlela evamile, efundeka ngomshini. Uma ucela ukudluliselwa ngqo kwemininingwane komunye umuntu onesibopho, lokhu kuzokwenzeka kuphela uma kungenzeka ubuchwepheshe buvele.

Ukubethela kwe-SSL noma kwe-TLS

Ngenxa yezizathu zokuphepha nokuvikela ukudluliswa kokuqukethwe okuyimfihlo, okufana nemiyalo noma imibuzo oyithumela kithi njengo-opharetha sayithi, leli sayithi lisebenzisa i-SSL noma. Ukubethelwa kwe-TLS. Ungaqaphela ukuxhumeka okubhaliwe ngokuthi umugqa wekheli wesiphequluli ushintsha usuka ku "http: //" uye ku "https: //" kanye nangophawu lokukhiya kulayini wakho wesiphequluli. Uma ukuguqulelwa kwe-SSL noma kwe-TLS kusebenze, idatha oyidlulisela kithi ayikwazi ukufundwa ngabantu besithathu.

Imininingwane, ukuvimba, ukususa

Ngaphakathi kohlaka lwezinhlinzeko zomthetho ezisebenzayo, unelungelo lokuthola imininingwane yamahhala mayelana nemininingwane yakho egciniwe, imvelaphi yayo nomamukeli nenhloso yokucubungula idatha futhi, uma kunesidingo, ilungelo lokulungisa, ukuvimba noma ukusula le datha. Ungaxhumana nathi nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ekhelini elinikezwe ekushintsheni uma uneminye imibuzo mayelana nedatha yomuntu siqu.

3. Ukuqoqwa kwemininingwane kuwebhusayithi yethu

Amakhukhi

Amanye amawebhusayithi asebenzisa okuthiwa amakhukhi. Amakhukhi awonakali ekhompyutheni yakho futhi awaqukethe magciwane. Amakhukhi asebenza ukwenza umnikelo wethu usebenzeke kalula, usebenze kakhudlwana futhi uphephe. Amakhukhi angamafayela wombhalo amancane agcinwe kwikhompyuter yakho futhi agcinwa yisiphequluli sakho. Amakhukhi amaningi esiwasebenzisayo abizwa ngokuthi “amakhukhi weseshini”. Basuswa ngokuzenzakalelayo ngemuva kokuvakasha kwakho. Amanye amakhukhi ahlala kudivayisi yakho uze uwawasuse. Lawo makhukhi asenza sikwazi ukubona isiphequluli sakho ngokuzayo lapho uvakashela. Ungasetha isiphequluli sakho ukuze waziswe ngokumiswa kwamakhukhi futhi uvumele amakhukhi ezimweni ngazinye, ungafaki ukwamukelwa kwamakhukhi ngamacala athile noma ngokujwayelekile, bese wenza kusebenze ukususwa kwamakhukhi ngokuzenzakalelayo lapho isipheqululthi sivaliwe. Uma amakhukhi engasebenzi, ukusebenza kwale webhusayithi kungavinjelwa. Amakhukhi adingekayo ukwenza inqubo yokuxhumana nge-elekthronikhi noma ukuhlinzeka ngemisebenzi ethile oyidingayo (isb. Umsebenzi wenqola yokuthenga) usethwe ngesisekelo se-Art. 6 Para. 1 lit. f GDPR igciniwe. Usebenzisa iwebhusayithi unentshisekelo esemthethweni yokugcina amakhukhi ngokuhlinzeka ngezinsizakalo zawo ngaphandle kobuchwepheshe. Okokunye njengamanye amakhukhi (isb. Amakhukhi wokuhlaziya indlela osebenza ngayo usebenzisa i-surfing) ayalondolozwa, lawo aphathwa ngokuhlukile kulesi simemezelo sokuvikela idatha.

Amafayela wokungena we-server

Umhlinzeki wewebhusayithi uqoqa ngokuzenzakalelayo futhi alondoloze imininingwane ngamafayela angena ngemvume we-server, lapho isiphequluli sakho sidlulisela khona kithi. Lezi yilezi: uhlobo lwesiphequluli nenguqulo yesiphequluli, isistimu yokusebenza esetshenzisiwe, i-URL yesethenjwa, igama lomsizi wekhompyuter yokungena, isikhathi sesicelo seseva, ikheli le-IP, le datha ayihlanganisiwe neminye imithombo yedatha. Isisekelo sokucutshungulwa kwedatha yi-Art. 6 Para 1 lit. f GDPR, evumela ukucutshungulwa kwedatha ukufeza inkontileka noma izinyathelo zangaphambi kwenkontileka.

4. Amathuluzi wokuhlaziya nokukhangisa

IGoogle Analytics

Le webhusayithi isebenzisa imisebenzi ye-web analytics service Google Analytics. Umhlinzeki yi-Google Inc., 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA. IGoogle Analytics isebenzisa okubizwa nge- "cookies". Lawa ngamafayela wombhalo agcinwe kwikhompyuter yakho futhi anika amandla ukuhlaziya ukusetshenziswa kwewebhusayithi. Imininingwane ekhishwe ikhukhi ngokusetshenziswa kwakho kwale webhusayithi ivame ukudluliselwa kwiseva yeGoogle e-USA futhi igcinwe lapho. Amakhukhi weGoogle Analytics agcinwa ngesisekelo se-Art. 6 Para 1 lit. f GDPR. Usebenzisa iwebhusayithi unentshisekelo esemthethweni yokuhlaziya ukusebenza komsebenzisi ukuze enze kahle iwebhusayithi yakhe kanye nokukhangisa kwayo.

Ukuchazwa kwe-IP

Senze ukuthi umsebenzi we-IP ungaziwa ngaphambi kwewebhusayithi. Lokhu kusho ukuthi ikheli lakho le-IP lizofinyezwa yi-Google ngaphakathi kwamazwe angamalungu e-European Union noma kwezinye izivumelwano zesivumelwano se-European Economic Area ngaphambi kokuba idluliselwe e-USA. Kusezimeni ezihlukile kuphela lapho ikheli eliphelele le-IP lizodluliselwa kwiseva ye-Google e-USA bese lifinyezwa lapho. Esikhundleni se-opharetha wale webhusayithi, i-Google izosebenzisa lolu lwazi ukuhlola ukusetshenziswa kwewebhusayithi, ukuhlanganisa imibiko ngomsebenzi wewebhusayithi futhi inikeze ophethe i-webhusayithi amanye amasevisi ahlobene nomsebenzi wewebhusayithi nokusetshenziswa kwe-inthanethi. Ikheli le-IP elidluliswa yisiphequluli sakho njengengxenye ye-Google Analytics ngeke lihlanganiswe nenye idatha ye-Google.

I-plugin yesiphequluli

Ungavimba ukugcinwa kwamakhukhi ngokusetha isoftware yakho ngokufanele; kodwa-ke, sithanda ukuveza ukuthi kulokhu kungenzeka ukuthi ungakwazi ukusebenzisa yonke imisebenzi yale webhusayithi ngokugcwele. Ungavimbela futhi iGoogle ukuthi iqoqe idatha eyenziwe nge-cookie futhi ihlobene nokusebenzisa kwakho iwebhusayithi (kufaka phakathi ikheli lakho le-IP) nasekusebenzeni le datha yi-Google ngokulanda i-plug-in etholakala ngaphansi kwesixhumanisi esilandelayo futhi ufake: https://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout?hl=de .

Ukuphikisa okuphikisana nokuqoqwa kwedatha

Ungavimba i-Google Analytics ekuqoqeni idatha yakho ngokuchofoza kusixhumanisi esilandelayo. I-cookie yokuphuma isethwe evimbela ukuqoqwa kwemininingwane yakho ekuvakasheleni okuzayo kule webhusayithi: Yenza i-Google Analytics ingasebenzi . Ungathola imininingwane eminingi ngokuphathwa kwemininingwane yomsebenzisi ku-Google Analytics ekumemezelweni kokuvikelwa kwedatha kweGoogle: https://support.google.com/analytics/answer/6004245?hl=de .

Ukusebenza kwedatha

Senze isivumelwano sokucubungula i-oda nge-Google futhi sisebenzise ngokuphelele izidingo eziqinile zeziphathimandla zokuvikela idatha zaseJalimane lapho sisebenzisa iGoogle Analytics.


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